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5.6cr Indians lived outside their state of birth in 2011

July 20, 2019 06:25 AM


5.6cr Indians lived outside their state of birth in 2011

More than 5.6 crore Indians lived in states other than the ones they were born in, newly released census data for 2011 shows. While UP, Bihar, Rajasthan and MP had the highest ‘outmigration’, Maharashtra, Delhi and Gujarat saw the largest ‘in-migration’.

Among larger states, Bihar had the lowest number of people migrating into the state with most of the 10 lakhplus migrants coming from Jharkhand and UP. In the case of UP, which had just over 40 lakh in-migrants compared to almost 1.3 crore out-migrants, a lot of the in-migration could also be due to people from all of India flocking to the NCR cities of Noida and Ghaziabad. In Haryana too, Gurgaon and Faridabad could account for a sizeable chunk of the 37 lakh in-migrants.

Though the thumb rule is states with a high level of development have lesser outmigration and than people flocking in, more people left Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh than West Bengal or Assam.

UP-born people constitute 31% of migrants to M’rashtra: Data

Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand had more in-migration than out-migration. People born in UP constituted the largest chunk (45%) of Delhi’s migrant population followed by MP (41%), Maharashtra (31%), and Gujarat (24%). Contrary to the popular perception of Biharis moving in droves to Punjab, Haryana, Delhi or Mumbai, migrants from Bihar moved more towards the east. People born in Bihar constituted 62% of migrants in Jharkhand, 47% in West Bengal, 31% in Assam and other north-eastern states compared to just 18% in Delhi and 6% in Maharashtra.

In most southern states, people from neighbouring states constituted the bulk of the migrant population. In Kerala, Bengalis, who constituted 5% of the migrant population were the only significant non-southern chunk, with Tamils (53.2%) and Kannadigas (16.4%) being the most numerous among nonlocals. Similarly, in Punjab, Himachal, Uttarakhand and Haryana, people from neighbouring states account for most of the migrant population, though natives of UP and Bihar, too, have a sizeable presence in these states.

Rajasthanis mostly moved to Gujarat, MP and Haryana. They, however, constitute the biggest chunk of those from the North (5%), among migrants in Tamil Nadu and other southern states like Andhra and Karnataka.

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